There are a lot of Federation houses built between the years 1890 and 1915, but not all of them look the same. The architecture evolved as architects fuse design influences from Europe and America. Other styles of Federation houses emerged and the most common are Queen Anne, Filigree, Arts and Crafts, and Federation Bungalow. Let’s take a closer look at each one.
The Queen Anne
Best features: At first glance, you’ll see influences from old-English architecture. This style features tall chimneys, adorned gables, picturesque gardens, ornamental balustrades, timber posts, valances, decorative brackets, deep red and dark brickwork, and embellished terracotta tiled roof.
Best features: The Federation Filigree resembles the charming Queenslander. It features decorative timber and cast-iron latticework, fancy balustrades, and ornate valances. This home’s verandahs provide shade in the outdoor areas.
The Arts and Crafts
Best features: This style of Federation homes focuses on sustainable design. It’s all about using natural building materials and handcrafted designs with Earthy colours and textures. The roof is the most dominant exterior design element; often an attractive gable roof with tall chimneys, and prominent eaves. An Arts and Crafts home also features rough-cut walls, white-framed windows, and a stunning landscape around the house.
The Federation Bungalow
Best feature: This style is the fusion of Queen Anne and the California Bungalow. Federation bungalows are simple and homely single-storey ground-hugging homes.
Here are a few examples: Federation homes come in many forms and guises, but this charming architecture will always feature intricate timberwork, highly-adorned verandahs, dominant roof lines, leadlight windows, and chimneys. When renovating this type of structure, consider preserving the design features which make them special and unique.